~ 1513 ~ PANAMA: Institutionalised homosexuality observed among the natives of Quarequa by Balboa.
~ 1533 ~ PERU: Institutionalised homosexuality observed among the Peruvian natives by Augustin Zarate. Similar observations were made in 1574 by Lopez de Velasco.
~ 1844 ~ BRAZIL: Anthropologist KFP von Martius noted that apprentice healers of the Coeruna and Bororo tribes inherited their powers sexually from an older healer.
~ 1951 ~ BRAZIL: Institutionalised homosexuality observed among the Cagaba (Reichel-Dolmatoff).
~ 1955 ~ PERU: The anthropologist Tobias Schneebaum studied the Amakaeri people of the Peruvian Amazonian rainforest, among whom homosexuality was the norm and heterosexuality only occurred for the purposes of reproduction.
~ 1966 ~ BRAZIL: Institutionalised homosexuality observed among the Pokomam (Reina).
~ 1971 ~ PERU: Institutionalised homosexuality observed among the Cueba by Francisco Guerra.
~ 1972 ~ VENEZUELA: Lesbians observed among the Yanomamo (Wilbert)
~ 1977 ~ BRAZIL: Institutionalised homosexuality observed among the Tapirape (Wagley).
~ 1979 ~ BRAZIL: Institutionalised homosexuality observed among the Barasana (Hugh-Jones).
17th century ~ BRAZIL: Zumbi dos Palmars, black anti-slavery leader was of Jaga tribe of Angola (see Africa: Native Peoples), and lived in intimate friendship with a priest (Mott).
1984 ~ ARGENTINA: Comunidad Homosexual Argentina formed.
1991 ~ BRAZIL: Salvador becomes the first Latin American town to ban discrimination against gay people.
~ COSTA RICA: 1st Lesbian & Gay Pride celebration.
1983 ~ ARGENTINA: Federation for the Liberation of Homosexuals
1993 ~ BRAZIL: 1st Gay Pride March, Rio de Janeiro.
1995 ~ CUBA: Cuban Association of Gays and Lesbians ‘came out’.
1996 ~ ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires becomes the first Spanish-speaking Latin American city to ban discrimination.
1997 ~ ECUADOR: Several days of demonstration in Cuecna following police harassment.
~ ARGENTINA: Pensions rights granted to gay partners.